CAPE COMMUNICATION STUDIESGUIDELINES FOR WRITING MODULE ONE ESSAYNB: Every year the CXC report continues to lament the fact that students do badlyon this essay. This happens because students
either write insufficientinformation on the effectiveness
of the devices
or they are confused between the
writer’s main point and the writer’s purpose.Tips on distinguishing the Main Point/Main Idea and the Writer’sPurpose/Intention/Intent:
Remember that the main point/Idea is what the writer is
idea that is coming out from what you are reading
; if youwere asked what the piece was about, whatever you respond that should be themain idea. The
Main Idea/Point is NEVER a VERB
so it can never be stated likethis...”The main point/idea of this passage is to inform...” If you have done thisthen your answer will be incorrect. Always remember the main point/idea is never to do something rather it is stated like this...” The main point/idea of the piece isthat students have problems answering the Module One essay...”.On the other hand
the writer’s purpose/intent is ALWAYS STATED AS AVERB
! It is what the writer
wants happen as a result of your reading the piece
.So the writer wants to “inform the reader of...”, “to entertain the reader...”, “tocriticise...” “To argue that...” , “To convince readers that...”. Remember that allwriters write with a purpose/intent in mind which is mainly to shift the readersfrom point A to point B!If you understand and can identify these two different concept s you are on your way to satisfying one- third of the essay requirements. The next two thirds are
the language strategies /techniques/devices that the writer employed to help her achieve the Main Point/ Idea and the Purpose/Intent.
is the attitude of the author towards the topic that he/she is writing about.One easy way of understanding tone is to ask “what attitude did I get from readingthe author’s words?” Always use Adjectives to describe Tone! Examples:humorous, mysterious, creepy, straight-forward etcSome of the techniques that the writer employs are
Personification, Alliteration, Imagery, Rhetorical Question, Conversationaltone, Anecdote, Historical data, Statistical data, Repetition, and Humor.
... What is Hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. Introduction In this essay, we will aim to describe what hypnosis is, look at the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis, look at the history of hypnosis, along with its application in today’s world. The essay will also discuss the role of relaxation in hypnotherapy. This will include the importance and necessity of such a state for the successful application of hypnosis. Hypnosis can be traced back thousands of years to ancient Egypt, ancient Greece, Indian, the Middle East, Africa and the Aborigines of Australia. Unfortunately poor documentation from these cultures and times makes it difficult to prove that the ancient world really used hypnosis and, if so, to what end. The more modern ‘stars’ of hypnotherapy have left behind a fascinating legacy of development and knowledge from which, we learn the aspects of hypnotherapy today. Starting with the real Godfather of hypnosis, Franz Anton Mesmer (1766) and continuing onto others such legends as James Braid (1840), and Freud (1873). We will then looking at the physical and psychological aspects of hypnosis. Examine the four main types of brain waves (Beta, Alpha, Theta and Delta waves), which brain waves come into play during hypnosis, and their relevance. We will also look at the role of relaxation in getting the body and mind to the right...