Bibliography Citing Images Using Apa

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How to Reference a Photograph in APA

Use the following template to cite a photograph using the APA citation format.  This style guide should work for both digital and analog photographs.  We also provide style guides for the MLA, Chicago, and Turabian styles. To have your bibliography or works cited list automatically made for you, check out our free APA citation generator.

Once you’re finished with your citations, we can also help you with creating an APA title page.

For instructions on how to site a motion picture, please see our APA Film section.

Citing a photograph

APA format structure:

Photographer, A.. (Photographer). (Year, Month Date of Publication). Title of photograph [photograph]. City, State of publication: Publisher/museum.

APA format example:

Roege, W.J. (Photographer). (1938). St. Patrick’s cathedral, fifth avenue from 50th street to 51st street [photograph]. New York, NY: New-York Historical Society.

Citing a photograph retrieved online

APA format structure:

Photographer, A. (Photographer). (Year, Month Date of Publication). Title of photograph [digital image]. Retrieved from URL

APA format example:

Ferraro, A. (Photographer). (2014, April 28). Liberty enlightening the world [digital image]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/afer92/14278571753/in/set-72157644617030616

For more information on how to cite in APA, check out Landmark College and the APA Style Blog.

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Digital images are pictures that can be viewed electronically by a computer or digital device. They can include photographs, illustrations, or graphics found on a website, database, or scanned or saved to your computer.

How to cite a digital image found on a website in MLA 8:

To create a citation for a digital image found on a website in MLA 8, locate the following pieces of information:

The name of the creator of the digital image
*The title of the digital image
The title of the website that the image was found on
The names of any other contributors responsible for the digital image
Version of the image (if applicable)
Any numbers associated with the image (if applicable)
*The publisher of the image
The date the image was created or published
*The location of the image, such as a URL

*Notes:
If the digital image does not have a title, include a description of the image. Do not place this information in quotation marks or italics.

If the picture was found using Google Images, do not cite Google Images as the publisher. Instead, click on the picture and use the information from the website that is hosting the picture.

When including the URL in the citation, omit “http://” and “https://” from the site’s address. In addition, if the citation will be viewed on a digital device, it is helpful to make it clickable. This ensures that readers will be able to easily access and view the source themselves.

Structure of a citation for an image found on a website in MLA 8:

Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.

Examples of citations for digital images found on websites in MLA 8:

Vasquez, Gary A. Photograph of Coach K with Team USA. NBC Olympics, USA Today Sports, 5 Aug. 2016, www.nbcolympics.com/news/rio-olympics-coach-ks-toughest-test-or-lasting-legacy.

Gilpin, Laura. “Terraced Houses, Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico.” Library of Congress, Reproduction no. LC-USZ62-102170, 1939, www.loc.gov/pictures/item/90716883/.

How to cite a digital image found on a database in MLA 8:

Many digital images can be found on databases. Perhaps you found an image that is in a journal article on a database. It is important to include not only the name of the journal, but also the name of the database. This will allow readers to locate and view the digital image themselves.

To create a citation for a digital image found on a database in MLA 8, locate the following pieces of information:

The name of the creator of the digital image
*The title of the digital image
The title of the journal and/or container that the image was found on
The names of any other contributors responsible for the digital image
Version of the image (if applicable)
Any numbers associated with the image (if applicable)
*The publisher of the image
The date the image was created or published
The name of the database or second container that the image was found on
*The location of the image, such as a URL or DOI number

*Notes:
If the digital image does not have a title, include a description of the image. Do not place this information in quotation marks or italics.

When including the URL in the citation, omit “http://” and “https://” from the site’s address. In addition, if the citation will be viewed on a digital device, it is helpful to make it clickable. This ensures that readers will be able to easily access and view the source themselves.

Structure of a citation for a digital image found on a database in MLA 8:

Creator’s last name, first name. “Title of the image.” Title of the journal or container that the image was found on, First name Last name of any other contributors responsible for the image, Version of the image (if applicable), Any numbers associated with the image (such as a volume and issue number, if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, Location. Title of the database or second container, URL or DOI number.

Example of a citation for a digital image found on a database in MLA 8:

Huanca Barrantes, Angela. “Questions and statements posted on the wall are reminders for Ms. Huanca’s students.” English Teaching Forum, U.S. Department of State, vol. 53, no. 2, 2015, p. 41. ERIC, eric.ed.gov/?q=english+teaching+forum&id=EJ1065702.

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