Essays On Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton Essay

Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian. He was an extremely influential scientist and his book "Philosphiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica" (published 1687) produced the foundations of classical mechanics. It is regarded as one of the most influential books in the history of science.

Born as a premature child on Christmas day 1642 in Woolsthorpe, Newton was the son of an illiterate but prosperous farmer who had died three months prior to his birth. Newtown had an unhappy and emotionally stressful childhood. His mother, Hanna, left him in the care of his grandmother while raising the family of her second husband in the neighbouring town.

Newton was removed from school in 1659 to become a farmer like his father, however he failed at this and returned to school to complete his education. In June 1661, Newton left Woolsthorpe for Cambridge University. He was deeply engrossed in private study during his undergraduate years, and developed his first theories on calculus, optics and the law of gravitation during private studies in Woolsthorpe when the University was closed for two years due to the plague in 1665.

Newton achieved his bachelor's degree without honors or distinction but was successful later on, becoming a Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. He died unmarried in London on March 20 1727Sir Isaac Newton's career was long, with many successes and contributions to science. Among his most important were his work on the nature of gravity, his Laws of Motion, extensive work on light and colour, and his creation of the reflecting telescope.

One of Newton's earliest and most recognised works was his Universal Law of Gravitation. This law stated that, "All bodies attract each other with a force proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportionate to the square of the distance between them."This law has several important features:•The strength of force between two massive objects decreases in proportion to the square of the distance between them as they move apart.

•The direction in which the force acts is always along the line connecting the two gravitating objects•Gravity is always an attractive force. There is no negative mass•Gravity is a relatively weak force compared to the other three fundamental forces in nature. Gravity is only significant when very large masses are being considered.

Newton's work with gravity led to his work with the Laws of Motion. He established three Laws of...

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The Life of Sir Isaac Newton

1431 words - 6 pages Over the centuries, math has evolved in an astounding way. Since the beginning of time, there have been many mathematicians that has influenced and contributed to the math we know today. None compares to the work of Sir Isaac Newton. He was influential as a person, as well as in his work. Sir Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642 in Wools Thorpe, Lincolnshire. Shortly after his father’s death, Newton was born premature and was not expected...

This is a report on Sir Isaac Newton

1035 words - 4 pages Sir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and physicist. He was considered one of the greatest scientists in history. Newton was also the culminating figure in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. Newton was best known for his discovery that the force called gravity affects all objects in space and on earth..Isaac Newton was born on December 25, 1642, in the hamlet of Wollsthorpe, Lincolnshire (R.S.W. 17) His Father died...

Sir Isaac Newton and his accomplishments with math and sciences.

602 words - 2 pages Isaac Newton, (also known as Sir Isaac Newton), is known as a great scientist by many people. He was born on December 25 in the year 1642 in Woolsthorpe, England. His father died before he was born and left his family without much money. Isaacs mother soon remarried and had three more children. His mother expected him to manage the farm, but he really didn't care for...

The Life and Times of Sir Isaac Newton

2122 words - 8 pages Sir Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 (based on the Gregorian calendar) in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Growing up, he was never really close to his parents because his biological father died three months before he was born. Then, his mother remarried and left him to be raised by his grandparents. It was not until 1661, when Newton started studying at Cambridge University, that Newton took an interest in math and science. Then,...

Sir Isaac Newton

1330 words - 5 pages Isaac Newton Isaac Newton was one of the greatest scientists of all time. He is best-known for his discovery of the law of universal gravitation and the laws of motion. Much of modern science is based on the understanding and use of his laws. Isaac Newton was born on Christmas Day, 1642, in the small English town of Woolsthorpe. His father, a farmer, died shortly before Isaac was born. When the boy was three years...

Sir Isaac Newton

2325 words - 9 pages Isaac NewtonThe life of Isaac Newton could be divided in three basic sections. First his childhood from 1643 to 1669, which spanned his boyhood days to his chair appointment. Secondly from 1669 to 1687, which was a highly productive period when he was a

Sir Isaac Newton

1643 words - 7 pages Isaac Newton may have been the greatest and most influential scientist and mathematician in history, but he would not appreciate that title.  For Newton didn’t invent calculus and create the basis for modern physics under pressure and for a purpose, he was, as he said “only like a boy playing on the sea shore” (Gleick 4).  Newton, for most of his life, was quiet and kept his work to himself.  He suffered a rather formalistic childhood without a...

Sir Isaac Newton: Standing on the Shoulders of Galileo and Aristotle

1412 words - 6 pages The general and widespread acceptance of Sir Isaac Newton’s models and laws may often be taken for granted, but this has not always been so. Throughout history, scientists and philosophers have built on each other’s theories to create improved and often revolutionary models. Although Newton was neither the first nor the last to bring major innovations to society, he was one of the most notable ones; many of his contributions are still in use...

Biography of Sir Isaac Newton

2054 words - 8 pages Isaac Newton's life can be divided into three quite distinct periods. The first is his boyhood days from 1643 up to his appointment to a chair in 1669. The second period from 1669 to 1687 which was the highly productive period in which he was a professor at Cambridge University. The third period (nearly as long as the other two combined) saw Newton as a highly paid government official in London with little further...

Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727)

1196 words - 5 pages Isaac Newton's life can be divided into three quite distinct periods. The first is his boyhood days from 1643 up to his appointment to a chair in 1669. The second period from 1669 to 1687 was the highly productive period in which he was Lucasian professor at Cambridge. The third period (nearly as long as the other two combined) saw Newton as a highly paid government official in London with little further interest in mathematical...

The World at the Time of Sir Isaac Newton

2407 words - 10 pages When most people hear the name Isaac Newton, they think of various laws of physics and the story of the apple falling from the tree; in addition, some may even think of him as the inventor of calculus. However, there was much more to Newton’s life which was in part molded by the happenings around the world. The seventeenth century was a time of great upheaval and change around the world. The tumultuousness of this era was due mostly to...

Essay on The Contributions of Isaac Newton

973 Words4 Pages

Sir Isaac Newton is considered by many people to be the greatest scientist that ever lived. He made key fundamental contributions to mathematics and physics. His revolutionary advances in math, optics, physics, and astronomy are bases for the principles we use today. A little known fact about Newton's legacy is that if you look in an encyclopedia of science, it will reveal at least 2 to 3 times more references to Newton than any other individual scientist. Newton was born on Christmas Day, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, England. He was born the same day that Galileo Galilei died. His step- father died a couple months before he was born, and 2 years later his mother marries a well-to-do minister by the name of Barnabas…show more content…

When he first expressed his findings nobody believed him, he was criticized because before Newton's findings, colour was thought to be modified forms of white light. Newton expressed his finding in Opticks, written in 1692, but waited to publicize it until all the critics were dead. The book was imperfect, but still served as a model of theory with quantitative experimentation.

Newton made considerable contributions to all areas of math, but his more famous contributions were in analytical geometry and calculus. He discovered differentiation (lines tangent to curves) and integration (area underneath a curve) and found that they are inverse of each other. He also found ways to resolve problems of curvature by a method of fluxions. He used the term fluxion because he thought of a quantity flowing from one value to another. Newton's work on math wasn't publicized until 1704. Newton wasn't alone in finding these "discoveries," Leibniz claimed he independently came up with the first ideas about differential calculus. This sprung up a huge fight between both men which didn't end even upon Leibniz's death. Today they are jointly ascribed in the honor of first inventing calculus.

Universal Law of Gravitation:
According to the well-known story of Newton seeing an apple fall from a tree, Newton

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